Konrad Lorenz: Bemerkungen zu Kultur und Evolution

Ein Film von Bernd Lötsch. Altenberg bei Wien, 1977.

Konrad Lorenz – Ritualized Fighting Behavior (1966)

Konrad Lorenz speaking about ritualized fighting behavior in Göttingen, 1966. spricht über “Ritualisiertes Kampfverhalten”  

Neanderthals disappeared before 40.000 from the rest of Europe

Until a few months ago different scientific articles, including those published in ‘Nature’, dated the disappearance of the Neanderthals (Homo neanderthalensis) from Europe at around 40,000 years ago. However, a new study shows that these hominids could have disappeared before then in the Iberian Peninsula, closer to 45,000 years ago. A scientific article published in Nature in August 2014 revealed that the European Neanderthals could have disappeared between 41,000 and 39,000 years ago, according to the fossil remains found at sites located from the Black Sea in Russia to the Atlantic coastline of Spain. However, in the Iberian Peninsula the …

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On the whole how you raise kids doesn’t matter much

I spent a bit of this morning on a playground with my daughter, and tried really hard not to hover around her, as is in the norm among parents of my socioeconomic status in the United States (this behavior should most certainly be obviated by the fact that this is a “child safe” playground). This always gets me to thinking about variation in child rearing over history and across cultures. There seems to be an instinct to assume there is one true way to raise children, and this tendency is often quite costly in time and mental energy. The New …

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Levantine cranium from Manot Cave

A key event in human evolution is the expansion of modern humans of African origin across Eurasia between 60 and 40 thousand years (kyr) before present (bp), replacing all other forms of hominins1. Owing to the scarcity of human fossils from this period, these ancestors of all present-day non-African modern populations remain largely enigmatic. Here we describe a partial calvaria, recently discovered at Manot Cave (Western Galilee, Israel) and dated to 54.7 ± 5.5 kyr bp (arithmetic mean ± 2 standard deviations) by uranium–thorium dating, that sheds light on this crucial event. The overall shape and discrete morphological features of the Manot 1 calvaria demonstrate …

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Scientists Have Mapped All of Ötzi’s 61 Tattoos

Proving that tattoos can age well, all 61 tattoos on the mummified Ötzi the Iceman have been mapped — and they still look pretty darn good, all things considered. Anthropologists mapped the ink on the 5,300-year-remains using a new imaging technique, revealing previously-unknown tattoos. With this new census in hand, researchers hope to finally answer the question of what the tattoos mean. Ancient Ink In September 1991, two tourists discovered the Iceman’s remains nestled into a glacier in the Italian Alps. Since then, researchers have rigorously analyzed the Iceman to paint a picture of what life was like during the start of …

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Ötzi: Neue Tätowierung entdeckt

Eine neue fotografische Methode macht eine bisher übersehene Tätowierung der wohl bekanntesten europäischen Mumie sichtbar. Die Fotos, die Wissenschaftler des EURAC-Instituts in Ötzis Kühlkammer anfertigten, decken den gesamten infraroten bis ultravioletten Wellenlängenbereich des Lichtes ab. Dadurch können auch tiefer liegende Hautschichten abgebildet und auch für das menschliche Auge nicht mehr sichtbare Tätowierungen dargestellt werden. Mit Hilfe einer nicht-invasiven fotografischen Technik haben Forscher des EURAC-Instituts für Mumien und den Iceman alle Tätowierungen des Mannes aus dem Eis sichtbar gemacht. Dabei stießen sie auch auf ein bislang unbekanntes Tattoo auf seinem Brustkorb. Aufgrund der dunkel gefärbten Haut der Mumie ist es mit …

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Tajiks – die Indo-Europäer Chinas

Tajiks

  Zusammen mit seinem Team hat der chinesische Fotograph Chen Haiwen an einem Bildband gearbeitet, der die 56 ethnischen Gruppierungen Chinas vorstellt. “Harmonisches China: Eine Skizze der 56 chinesischen Ethnizitaeten” heisst das Werk, fuer das die insgesamt 15 Fotographen ein Jahr in China unterwegs waren und dabei knapp 6 Millionen Fotos geschossen haben. Neben der groessten Bevoelkerungsgruppe, den Han-Chinesen, leben also 55 weitere – offiziell anerkannte – ethnische Minderheiten in China. Und auch wenn diesen Minderheiten nur etwa 100 Millionen Menschen (bzw. 8 Prozent der chinesischen Bevoelkerung) angehoeren, so erstreckt sich ihr Siedlungsgebiet doch ueber 60 Prozent des chinesischen Staatsgebiets. …

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10 Ancient Faces – best preserved bodies of the last 5,000 years

10 Ancient Faces – best preserved bodies of the last 5,000 years   via Abroad in the Yard.

Online dating statistics reveal users still have racial biases

Do You Have A Racial Preference?

Kennewick man native American says DNA analysis

Genetic analysis is still under way in Denmark, but documents obtained through the federal Freedom of Information Act say preliminary results point to a Native-American heritage. The researchers performing the DNA analysis “feel that Kennewick has normal, standard Native-American genetics,” according to a 2013 email to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, which is responsible for the care and management of the bones. “At present there is no indication he has a different origin than North American Native American.” … Willerslev’s Danish lab is a world leader in ancient DNA analysis. Last year, he and his colleagues reported the genome …

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The average face

average_face

FaceResearch.org, a site run by two psychologists at the University of Aberdeen in Scotland, features software that can average together faces from thousands of photos. These images purportedly show the average face of women from 40 different nationalities. These images have been making the rounds online, and it’s unclear how many photos were used to make the composite or how subjects were selected. On sites like Mashable, many commenters have noted that the women are all attractive. The most likely explanation is that blending many faces erases skin blemishes and makes the features more symmetrical. Though, how the subjects were …

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Prehistoric North Sea ‘Atlantis’ hit by 5m tsunami

A prehistoric “Atlantis” in the North Sea may have been abandoned after being hit by a 5m tsunami 8,200 years ago. The wave was generated by a catastrophic subsea landslide off the coast of Norway. Analysis suggests the tsunami over-ran Doggerland, a low-lying landmass that has since vanished beneath the waves. “It was abandoned by Mesolithic tribes about 8,000 years ago, which is when the Storegga slide happened,” said Dr Jon Hill from Imperial College London. The wave could have wiped out the last people to occupy this island. The research has been submitted to the journal Ocean Modelling and …

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CSHL publishes Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory (CSHL) is a private, not-for-profit research and education institution at the forefront of molecular biology and genetics. It has published the Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory’s Image Archive on the American Eugenics Movement (for educational purpose only). Also interesting is it’s DNA Learning center located at http://www.dnalc.org/ .

Oldest stone tool ever found in Turkey discovered

Scientists have discovered the oldest recorded stone tool ever to be found in Turkey, revealing that humans passed through the gateway from Asia to Europe much earlier than previously thought, approximately 1.2 million years ago. According to research published in the journal Quaternary Science Reviews, the chance find of a humanly-worked quartzite flake, in ancient deposits of the river Gediz, in western Turkey, provides a major new insight into when and how early humans dispersed out of Africa and Asia. Researchers from Royal Holloway, University of London, together with an international team from the UK, Turkey and the Netherlands, used …

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